and Geography are two of the most important social science disciplines for
understanding the workings of our world. When we want to know something
about an event or location, we usually ask; “What happened? Where is
answers are generally applied to a real life situation or need to figure out
how we are being affected by the event in a location thousands of miles from
us. The Egyptian revolution being played out in the streets of Cairo
between the military, Muslim Brotherhood, and the westernized and educated
classes is a powerful example.
strong and deep knowledge of history is necessary to better understand how
events and change in the present are affecting us. We draw upon similar
past trends or happenings to identify and explain parallel happenings in the
present. Egypt has a very long and complex history as a cosmopolitan center
of the Arab and Muslim world. Without knowledge of that past, it would be
harder to sort out current circumstances for the purpose of predicting where
Egypt’s Arab Spring is heading towards.
knowledge is similarly important for this discipline helps us tie together
history, current events, and trends both positive and negative. One is
helpless to comprehend the importance of an event if we are clueless to where
it is happening. We cannot grasp the importance to us if we are historically
and geographically ignorant.
is the Egyptian Revolution that began in 2011 important to an American?
Egypt is the most militarily powerful and populous Arab nation. The country
borders the Suez Canal, one of the most important shipping corridors in the
world. It is the leader of the Arab world and maintains the Middle East
changing peace treaty with Israel (1979). America grants Egypt $1.6
billion in military aid to help keep the peace in the region and economic ties
with the rest of the world.
country’s nearly 100 million people live almost exclusively along the Nile
River Valley limiting the nation’s ability to expand food supplies for a fast
growing population. Some of the American aid subsidizes wheat purchases
and provides the cheap daily bread supplies that Egyptians expect and have
rioted against past price increases. It is the same with cooking oil that
is used in nearly every meal. American farmers sell a great deal of food
to Egypt whose economy has been wrecked by the civil disturbances and drop off
author hopes that the History of a Day lesson will stimulate student interest
to become more knowledgeable of history and geography, two key foundations in
evolving in to a well informed American and citizen of the world.
GLOBAL PERSPECTIVES / QCC OBJECTIVE 2 – (BST-1, 2, 3,
4. 1O, l3, 14_QBE -54, 61: AF/AM).
Compare and contrast selected world regions according to their economies,
governments, and propensity for change.
Predict major political and economic developments in the world by the year
PERSPECTIVES / QCC OBJECTIVE 3 – Examine the relationship of
interdependence to independence in the world (BST-1, 2, 3, 4, 10, 13:_QBE-54;_
Distinguish between interdependence and independence and cite examples to
support the distinctions
Make generalizations regarding the relationship of interdependence to independence
in the world
3-5: Formulate a hypothesis concerning the natural
consequences of the unequal distribution of the resources of the world.
OBJECTIVE #1 – The student will survey the history of the world to:
Recognize the effects of change upon humans and the world.
Identify historical trends and understand how they affect humans, nations, and
Personally examine the influence of the past, the present, and cyclical trends
to develop a sense of history and perspective.
OBJECT I VE #2 – The student will be able to:
Understand the influence of the past on the present.
B- Analyze and interpret the present to make
reasonable predictions regarding the future.
Anticipate how human interaction will be affected by a variety of
PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVE #3: The student will be
able to recognize how the exporting / dispersal of culture and technology
hasten cultural uniformity.
The projection of American military power abroad is called
“hard power”. The dispersal of U.S. democratic ideals, popular culture,
way of life is called “soft power”. In your opinion, which form of power
is more likely to positively shape a more peaceful and prosperous future?
PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVE #4: The student will make
predictions about the future from 2013 decade by decade through the year 2063:
A- By participating in a
future forecasting simulation experience.
B- By developing a future
timeline and submitting an individual or group report.
KEY CONCEPTS: History, events, trends, cycles, human
relations, tribes, nation-states, industrialism, affluence, poverty,
materialism, imperialism, revolution, air/space travel, media – print / TV,
global relations, past, present, reality, perception, future, consequences.
Student Handout #7: THE HISTORY OF A DAY and corresponding Student
Handout #8, FUTURE
TIME LINE (group activity) are the two resources for teaching Unit 2.
THE HISTORY OF A DAY lesson, a
compression of all of human history into twenty-four hours, is an interactive
learning experience for students to grasp the enormity and flow of history, and
the affects of change upon people.
THE HISTORY OF A DAY lesson was originally conceived by the
One World Trust of London, England, for its World Studies Project’s curriculum,
Learning For Chance in World Society. Dr. Audrey Gray, past
Program Director of the Close Up Foundation, a Washington, D. C., based
non-profit educational organization that brings approximately 30,000 U. S.
secondary students to the nation’s capitol to study how their government works
from ‘close up’, adapted the lesson as part of the organization’s core
curriculum. Dr. Gray later added the FUTURE
TIME LINE lesson which was
designed to help students sharpen their future forecasting skills.
The purpose of the A
HISTORY OF A DAY and FUTURE TIME LINE
lessons are to help students to apply knowledge of the past and understanding
of the present so as to be able to make reasonable predictions about the future.
Students are expected to think seriously about the future, share their
ideas about it, and build consensus in small groups about what the class thinks
will happen in the future. Encourage students to come up with their own ideas
and remind them that they can use their imagination–for after all, we are all
‘experts’ regarding the future.
1- Divide the class into small groups of five or six.
Introduce, define, and discuss all Unit 2 concepts until students apparently
2- Ask students to listen carefully, even close their eyes
while the teacher reads each event and / or trend. This learning
experience may help develop a student’s sense of history, perspective, and
sensitivity to cyclical occurrences.
reading handout #7, please focus on the line: "They (European nations)
went out and stole South America, North America, India, and Africa."
Relate that line to the concept of IMPERIALISM. In an inquiring
manner (how and why questions), teach students that the Europeans were the
first to organize nation-states. This and other advances made Spaniards,
Portuguese, Englishmen and Frenchmen feel superior to the people they were
have documented how and why Europeans convinced themselves that it was their
mission to spread their religion and culture to presumably less developed
peoples, by force of superior technology (guns, cannons,) if necessary. In
modern times, TV, movies, rock n’ roll music, and international airlines (soft
power) may just as swiftly and powerfully hammer traditional societies with
change, though through exposure to seductive new cultural influences rather
than militarism, colonialism, or imperialism.
A HISTORY OF A DAY
then, on the stroke of midnight, the people had the world to themselves. For a
long while, so far as we know, they were very quiet. All through the morning
and all through the afternoon, they just wandered around in small caves,
dressing themselves in skins. At about six o’clock in the evening they began to
learn about seeds and manure and so on, and about how to herd and milk animals.
By about half past seven, some of them were living in biggish cities and in the
came and went at about a quarter to nine. Buddha in India, Socrates in Greece,
Confucius in China, a11 came and went together, though they didn’t know each
other, at about ten past ten. Christ was at half past ten as also give or take
a minute or so, were the Great Wall of China and Julius Caesar.
At around ha1f past e1even there began to be biggish cities
in northern Europe. From about a quarter to twelve onwards, people went out
from these cities, and they began stealing from the rest of the world. They
stole America, both North and South; they stole India; and just after four minutes
to midnight, they stole Africa too. At about two minutes to midnight,
they had a big war amongst themselves, and then had another big war only fifty
During the last minute before midnight these people from
northern Europe were pushed back out of India and Africa, and also back out of
many other countries, though not out of North America, where they had become
very settled indeed.
during this last minute these people invented nuclear weapons; they were responsible
for almost doubling the world’s population; they used up more oil and more
metal than had been used in all previous twenty-three hours and fifty nine
minutes put together. In the last second, they began to realize how their
industrial and automobile exhausts were polluting the Earth and established a
day to celebrate cleaning up the planet.
was midnight again the start of a new day.
Student Handout #8
FUTURE TIME LINE
DIRECTIONS: You have 10 minutes to put some of your ideas on
the Future Time Line. Try to imagine future INVENTIONS, EVENTS, TRENDS,
LIFESTYLES, CONDITIONS, or DISCOVERIES. Try to imagine events which affect the
entire world or the whole United States, not just you or your family. EXAMPLES:
Energy resources, food supplies, climate change, space colonies established,
joint global exploration of Mars and deep space; cures for AIDS, cancer,
malaria and other diseases.